Maintain the Ticks and Mosquitoes at Bay
Summer season has arrived. And whereas individuals relish within the heat climate and sights and smells of the season, in addition they should cope with the pests of the season. Bugs will be scary as they buzz round a picnic and ants can turn into a serious annoyance in the event that they discover a gap into the house. Then, there are different frequent summer time pests that may be far more than a nuisance – these like ticks and mosquitoes that may transmit illness.
Sure species of ticks can carry Lyme illness and mosquitoes are identified to unfold West Nile virus and eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). Much more alarming is the truth that there was a rise in instances of each Lyme illness and West Nile Virus throughout the nation lately.
In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported 5,387 human instances of West Nile Virus, 243 of which had been deadly. This displays one of many greatest outbreaks of the virus in the US and the deadliest yr on document.
And in April, a brand new examine printed within the journal CMAJ Open discovered that Lyme illness charges are rising within the Northern U.S., with a major enhance seen in 21 states between 1992 and 2007.
These diseases will be extreme and typically deadly, however there are steps individuals can take to assist shield themselves from coming into contact with these pests:
- Put on light-colored clothes – Ticks, particularly the Blacklegged deer tick which may carry Lyme illness, are present in wooded areas and wish to climb tall grasses to attend for a passing host. When in a wooded environments, put on light-colored lengthy pants, long-sleeve shirts and closed-toe footwear to stop ticks from biting the pores and skin. Gentle-colored clothes makes the ticks simpler to identify if one decides to hitch a journey.
- Use bug spray – DEET is the energetic ingredient in lots of insect repellents and is an efficient technique to deter ticks and different pests when outdoors. Bug spray containing at the very least 20% DEET is really useful.
- Make your property unattractive – Maintain your grass lower. Ticks favor to cover in tall grass and watch for a passing human or animal.
- Examine for ticks – After being open air, examine your self for ticks. They’re fond of warm body parts such as the groin and armpit, so be sure you examine all areas. Additionally, don’t neglect to examine your pets for ticks if they’ve been outdoors. Pets can simply decide up ticks, which may then be transferred to different members of the family as soon as inside the home.
- Eradicate breeding grounds – Mosquitoes solely want about ½ inch of water to breed. Eliminating areas of standing water across the dwelling equivalent to flowerpots, birdbaths and child swimming pools can significantly cut back the variety of mosquitoes within the space.
- Concentrate on the time of day – Between daybreak and nightfall is peak exercise time for mosquitoes. Decrease outdoors exercise throughout these instances to stop mosquito bites.
- Watch what you put on – Mosquitoes are interested in particular traits of clothes equivalent to darkish colours and floral prints. Keep away from sporting sweet-smelling perfumes and colognes, which might additionally entice mosquitoes to you.
- Defend your own home – Display home windows and doorways, and restore tears in present screens to stop mosquitoes from flying inside.
The following tips will help forestall bites, however in the event you assume you or somebody you understand has contracted an insect-borne illness, instantly seek the advice of your doctor for prognosis and therapy.